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Water Conservation Efforts in the US


Water is undoubtedly the most precious resource on the planet. Without it no living thing would survive. Even though the Earth’s surface is 71% water that doesn’t mean a shortage isn’t possible.

In areas of the country like Texas and California years of drought has taken its toll, bottled water production is depleting natural water supplies and rising salinity levels are compromising delicate ecosystems along the coast. All around water conservation has become a pressing issue in the U.S. As a result, the federal government, states and individual citizens are taking action to protect and preserve our water sources.

Today there are hundreds of programs and organizations across the country that are solely focused on water conservation. Below are some of the top initiatives that are making huge waves in protecting our water supplies.

The Water Conservation Field Services Program

The U.S. Bureau of Reclamation has been responsible for helping settle the western portion of the country, and in doing so they have helped to establish water supplies and irrigation systems. Today the Bureau helps to oversee water management and ensures that water use efficiency is as high as possible, particularly for irrigation users.

The Water Conservation Field Services Program brings all entities together to promote a comprehensive approach to responsible water management. Through the program the Bureau provides assistance and water planning solutions for states and residents in the western region of the U.S. where there is typically lower levels of precipitation. Just as the Bureau helped early settlers survive by improving the water supply, their program is now helping to educate people on how to protect this vital resource.

WaterSMART Program

The Department of the Interior heads up the WaterSMART Program. The Department is charged with protecting the country’s natural resources so it is only logical that they would take the reigns on water conservation. In 2010 the WaterSMART initiative was begun with the main objective of finding new solutions for shoring up and protecting water supplies across the U.S.

WaterSMART is focused on tackling issues at the federal level so that there is a trickle down effect. The program has established water conservation goals, created partnerships with state and local governments, conducted studies and provided strategies for all water users to implement daily. In the first three years of the program over 500,000 acre-feet of water was conserved.

National Water Census

If you don’t know what the current circumstances are and track the changes, it is very difficult to come up with solutions that address the problem. That was the exact thinking of the U.S. Geological Survey (USGS). The department’s scientists developed the National Water Census to assess water availability and find ways to use that data to create tools that will aid water conservation. Their research is also addressing the issue of water quality and how it pertains to water availability.

Water Conservation Plan Guidelines

The Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) is tasked with protecting all natural environments whether they are rural or urban. They have helped to launch successful initiatives like the Energy Star Program, which addresses increasing energy efficiency. The agency is also tackling the issue of water conservation. As part of their effort, the EPA has createdwater conservation plan guidelines for states to implement. These guidelines help explain ways that water conservation strategies can be implemented within water systems that serve populations of all sizes.

Water Conservation Solutions for Small Businesses

The Small Business Administration (SBA) was created to provide support and assistance to the small business owners that make our economy thrive. The administration operates dozens of programs including education on how small businesses can reduce their energy and water expenses. The SBA is encouraging the thousands of business owners in the U.S. to practice water conservation in their offices, stores, and buildings.

Water shortages threaten the livelihood, health and security of every U.S. citizen. Conservation is an issue that affects us all and will require the efforts of everyone to solve. All of the conscious effort in recent years is paying off. A 2014 report from the USGS found that water use in America had reached its lowest level in 45 years. Changes in electricity generation, irrigation systems and public use all contributed to the improvement in water conservation. is doing its part to protect our water supplies by ensuring safe disposal of hazardous materials that have the potential to pollute our waters. It’s just one more way we can all protect our country’s most precious resource.